As Most of you know I have been cooking resort crazy busy restaurants most of my life.
I have seen alot of kitchens faces and brillence in the Kitchen.
One of the most Night mareish things that could happen in any size establishment , from small to MAssive large
is the cooking gas Runs out this is a Chefs Night Mare.
YEs you can use electric but there is a massive diference in speed and result with no gas on hand.
So if every meal in the world is cooked with godd some where along them line what does that do to our air?
How long will we live? When will the Gas Finish?
The is alot of issue , it is documented particulary along asian Fault lines that is you suck out gas from the ground faults line ridges colapse . Do we want this? IF we use fracking to extract the life blood of our planet is that the best way to go about it? I think not.
If you are a GM or decision maker I encourage you to contact me and trail installing these units we are experienced in them and would like to see every resort trailing them so the knowledge gos to the nextgeneration to use them and if the gass does run out you have other ways to fuell you kitchens
Dan skype daniel.donatelli
Hydrogen Cooking Stove No LPG
Converting conventional stove top burners to run on hydrogen is
a simple process. Knowing the proper handling procedures of
hydrogen will make your installation safe and efficient.
Much of the research that I refer to in this article was
performed by Roger Billings, N. R. Baker, and their associates of
the now defunct Billings Energy Corporation. This pioneering
work was done mostly in the 1970s. An early research endeavor
involved conversion of all the gas appliances on a Winnebago
recreational vehicle from propane to hydrogen operation. To
demonstrate hydrogen's practicality even further, five natural
gas appliances were converted to hydrogen. This multi-phased
project in Provo, Utah was called the Hydrogen Homestead.
Included among the appliances converted for this home were an
oven, a range, a barbeque, a fireplace log burner, and the
booster heater for the home's heat pump system.
Theory before Practice
Hydrogen burns differently than either propane or natural gas.
In particular, hydrogen's rate of diffusion and flame velocity
are roughly ten times or greater that of propane or natural gas.
Diffusion rate measures how long it takes a gas introduced in
one side of a room to be detected on the other side. Flame speed
is how fast a flame grows to burn available fuel.
Flashback of the flame into the primary mixture of fuel gas and
air must be prevented in all burners. This is typically achieved
with natural gas and propane by adjusting the fuel velocity so
that it is higher than the normal flame velocity. The flame
velocity of hydrogen is too high for this technique to be
practical. Another flashback control strategy employs burner
ports with a minimum quenching diameter which theoretically
will not allow the flame to pass back through the port. In
practice, however, it is very difficult to make the holes small
enough to quench a hydrogen flame. Fortunately, flashback can
be minimized by preventing hydrogen from mixing with air
before the burner port. Some flashback may still occur creating
a loud popping sound but this noise is usually harmless.
Burners optimized for hydrogen combustion require that
undiluted hydrogen be delivered directly to the burner ports
without primary or secondary air mixing. So, if we are trying to
work with an existing burner in a typical gas appliance, we will
have to find a suitable method to seal off any openings that
were installed for this purpose. One method won't work in all
instances. We used silicon sealant with stainless steel tape
and ring clamps in one recent alteration, but this simple
Coleman stove conversion hasn't been subjected to long term
use as yet. The actual openings we are referring to may be an
integral part of a cast iron body. Or the primary air openings
may be a modest distance from the burner head in an aluminum
delivery tube with an adjustable closure.
It is not inconceivable that one might rather opt to build a
simple burner and direct fuel delivery apparatus from the
ground up, rather than deal with the problem of sealing off a
nagging assortment of useless holes. Burners and their attached
parts get hot, and transfer heat readily through conduction.
Sorry, duct tape and chewing gum won't cut it.
Our first attempt at a simple hydrogen conversion utilized a
rudimentary two burner range of cast iron construction. After
we tossed the existing burner assembly, and removed the
screwed on brass orifice, a threaded adaptor was exposed. To
this we screwed on a 1/4 inch straight coupling followed by a
short length of black iron pipe of the same diameter. Don't use
galvanized pipe, because of the fumes that will be released at
high temperatures. Then we installed a 90 degree elbow
followed by a short vertical nipple of more pipe. Next a 1/4
inch fitting shaped like a cross with four female threaded
openings was drilled and tapped to create a fifth hole. This
threaded onto the short vertical nipple, and four slightly longer
nipples of equal length extended out radially from the
remaining holes. Finally, these terminated in threaded end caps.
A drill press is almost essential for drilling a series of very
fine holes which will line up along the top of the radial burner
arms, and through the top of the cross. Ideally, these burner
ports would have a 0.0225 inch (0.057 cm) diameter or less,
which is the minimum quenching diameter.
The catalytic advantage
It has been observed in early experiments that the flame
combustion of hydrogen/air mixtures can lead to unacceptable
levels of nitrogen oxide (NOx) pollutant emissions. The primary
end product of hydrogen combustion is simply water vapor.
However, if the temperature of combustion exceeds the
threshold level of 2400øF (1315øC.), a significant amount of
oxygen and nitrogen from the air may react and form this
unwanted byproduct. This also occurs with natural gas
(primarily methane), propane, and other hydrocarbon fuel
Fortunately, you can use a catalyst to lower the combustion
temperature thus preventing the formation of nitrogen oxides.
The catalytic material is not used up or altered in any fashion
in the process.
There are two catalytic conversion techniques which succeed in
producing negligible levels of NOx emissions. The first
approach uses experience gained by Billings and his associates
with flame assisted catalytic burners. Their conversions
utilized the catalytic properties of stainless steel at elevated
temperatures. Later, in another article, we'll describe the
conversion of a catalytic space heater which optimizes
"flameless" combustion with a small amount of platinum.
Flame assisted catalysis
The technique developed by the Billing's research team to
reduce NOx formation relies on controlling two interacting
phenomena. First, as has already been described, hydrogen/air
mixing is inhibited by blocking off any primary air openings.
Second, a stainless steel wire mesh is arranged tightly around
the circular burner head or radial burner arms.
Where does one find stainless steel wool or wire mesh? Look
for stainless steel pot scrubbers in a large, thoroughly stocked
supermarket in the housewares section.
Getting our NOx off
This stainless steel wool blanket around the burner actually
serves two complimentary functions. It inhibits the mixing of
air and hydrogen thus producing a zone immediately surrounding
the burner head where the concentration of hydrogen is very
high and the concentration of air is very low. The wire mesh
should be thick enough so that the flame does not radiate above
it or out too far laterally. If there isn't a sufficient amount of
stainless steel mesh, the catalytic capability and ability to
negate NOx production could be lost.
Stainless steel also works as an excellent catalyst for
hydrogen combustion. Hydrogen and oxygen are thus combined on
the surface of the catalyst at a slower rate than would occur
without the catalyst. This eliminates the high temperatures
that are produced when a large fraction of hydrogen is
combusted in a small area. The result of the lowered
combustion temperature is that nitrogen oxides are virtually
eliminated. The steel wool proceeds to glow bright red even at
these temperatures, indicating that the otherwise invisible
hydrogen flame is present.
According to Roger Billings in The Hydrogen World View, flame
assisted catalytic technique can lower NOx emission from
hydrogen combustion in range burners, ovens, and space heaters
to negligible levels. The resulting data showed NOx emission
levels between 1 and 5 parts per million (ppm) for a catalytic
assisted burner. This can be compared with 40 ppm for
conventional range burners operated on natural gas and 250 ppm
for a hydrogen burner without a catalyst.
Water vapor is the only byproduct along with heat, so no venting of the
appliance may be necessary (if means to prevent oxygen
depletion for the room air is assured).
There may well be a wealth of undiscovered and untapped
hands-on information available from other hydrogen
enthusiasts out there scattered through the countryside. If you
are among the other backyard tinkerers and hydrogen pioneers
who are putting theory into practice, let us hear from you. The
time has come to spread the word about hydrogen's unique
advantages. It is clearly the hands-down winner among the
possible candidates of alternative fuels for the future in our
environmentally beleaguered world.
A note on safety
Remember that storing pure hydrogen can be regarded as a
relatively safe procedure, but storing hydrogen /air or
hydrogen/oxygen mixtures is foolhardy and strictly inadvisable.
Hydrogen is the KEY to ending Energy Cartel control of YOU! They don't want you to know about Hydrogen
This is exactly what I was trying to describe that we learned about burners using HHO/Hydroxy/Browns Gas.
Can you see the way the smaller flames are made at an angel????
We found that as little a tilt,, as 18` off the vertical,, will minimize the HHO Flame from burning through a pan. Here again,, you see they are using Pyrex or “Visions” High Temp,, Glass cookware just as I had recommended.
As the flame is angeled,,, “Burn Through” of metal pans is reduced significantly, After 18` to as much as 30` angel,, the warming speeds remain about the same. It is only after about 35` angel that heat transfers begin to drop off.
Critical,, is that a very small Flash Back protector be fitted to each burner and a larger one at the HHO Unit that feeds the whole stove.
These show you precisely what I was talking about. HHO acts like a Laser,,, point it directly and it will burn through. Set HHO at an angel and this damage to cookware is impossible.
For ovens and baking, it is easiest to heat a ceramic plate that is in the path of a forced draft circulating fan.
The Ceramic is formed of High Temperature Porcelains and extra fins can be added for greater heat transfer. Cooler air is drawn from near the front of the oven and low,, passes over the ceramic transfer plate and drawn up the back of the oven and forced downward over the baking areas.
A convection flow,, is formed that heats the foods faster.
Hydroxy will not heat air, but has an extremely vigorous heating with stone and ceramic.
Hydroxy is elementally reactive.
Each material reacts differently.
Keep in mind,,, the fan motor can be OUTSIDE,, the flow of the convective heat.
If placed AFTER,, the ceramic plate that will transfer the heat,, internal to the flow,,, there will be a slight,, negative pressure on the ceramic itself.
HHO,, Convection Oven
In open air,,, Hydroxy only registers about 259` F.
Not much more than the boiling point of water.
But when applied to stone or earthen ceramics,, Hydroxy will achieve temperatures in excess of 6,000 degrees F.
Youonly need a few Hydroxy flames,,, about a half an inch long or so,, and distributed over the surface and at a slight angel.
Pointed directly at the surface of the ceramic,, the Hydroxy Plasma would burn a hole straight through. White Hot,,, instantaneously.
If you angel the flames,, this will not happen,, and the ceramic will get very hot,, very fast.